Nesse artigo será exibido detalhadamente os processos feito via terminal para a instalação dos programas

Ubuntu 18.04

After Install

### PPA (Personal Package Archives)

sudo apt install \
    build-essential \
    curl \
    default-jdk \
    gdebi-core \
    git \
    gnome-tweaks \
    gnupg2 \
    gufw \
    indicator-cpufreq \
    jq \
    lame \
    libavcodec-extra \
    linux-tools-generic \
    lynx \
    meld \
    net-tools \
    openssh-server \
    p7zip-full \
    preload \
    python-pip \
    python3-pip \
    python3-venv \
    ruby-dev \
    shutter \
    keepassxc \
    gconf2 \
    ffmpeg \
    gimp \
    keepassxc \
    nmap \
    vlc \
    apt-transport-https \
    ca-certificates \
    curl \
    gnupg-agent \
    software-properties-common \        
    terminator \
    ubuntu-restricted-extras \

sudo service ssh start

# nmap

nmap -sP "$(ip -4 -o route get 1 | cut -d ' ' -f 7)"/24 | grep report | cut -d ' ' -f 5- # Display live hosts on the network
lsof -i -P -n # Display ports
sudo lsof -i -P -n # Display ports

## FIX: Ativar a opção editar no shutter no ubuntu 18

mkdir ~/libgoo-canvas-perl && cd ~/libgoo-canvas-perl

wget https://launchpad.net/ubuntu/+archive/primary/+files/libgoocanvas-common_1.0.0-1_all.deb
wget https://launchpad.net/ubuntu/+archive/primary/+files/libgoocanvas3_1.0.0-1_amd64.deb
wget https://launchpad.net/ubuntu/+archive/primary/+files/libgoo-canvas-perl_0.06-2ubuntu3_amd64.deb

sudo dpkg -i libgoocanvas3_1.0.0-1_amd64.deb
sudo dpkg -i libgoocanvas-common_1.0.0-1_all.deb
sudo dpkg -i libgoo-canvas-perl_0.06-2ubuntu3_amd64.deb
sudo apt-get install -f

# https://support.gitkraken.com/how-to-install/

wget https://release.gitkraken.com/linux/gitkraken-amd64.deb
sudo dpkg -i gitkraken-amd64.deb

# https://flight-manual.atom.io/getting-started/sections/installing-atom/

wget -qO - https://packagecloud.io/AtomEditor/atom/gpgkey | sudo apt-key add -

sudo sh -c 'echo "deb [arch=amd64] https://packagecloud.io/AtomEditor/atom/any/ any main" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/atom.list'

sudo apt-get update

sudo apt-get install atom atom-beta


sudo add-apt-repository ppa:linrunner/tlp

sudo apt update && sudo apt install tlp tlp-rdw smartmontools && sudo tlp start

# sudo tlp-stat

# https://yarnpkg.com/en/docs/usage

curl -sS https://dl.yarnpkg.com/debian/pubkey.gpg | sudo apt-key add -

echo "deb https://dl.yarnpkg.com/debian/ stable main" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/yarn.list

sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install yarn


wget https://dl.google.com/linux/direct/google-chrome-stable_current_amd64.deb
sudo gdebi google-chrome-stable_current_amd64.deb

# https://chrome.google.com/webstore/detail/react-developer-tools/fmkadmapgofadopljbjfkapdkoienihi
# https://chrome.google.com/webstore/detail/redux-devtools/lmhkpmbekcpmknklioeibfkpmmfibljd?hl=pt-BR

# https://www.stremio.com/downloads

sudo gdebi stremio_4.4.52-1_amd64.deb

    # https://blog.stremio.com/modify-bittorrent-settings/
    # FIX: "Streaming server is not available"
cat > ~/.stremio-server/server-settings.json <<- _EOF_
    "serverVersion": "4.3.4",
    "appPath": "${HOME}/.stremio-server",
    "cacheRoot": "${HOME}/.stremio-server",
    "cacheSize": 2147483648,
    "btMaxConnections": 200,
    "btHandshakeTimeout": 20000,
    "btRequestTimeout": 4000,
    "btDownloadSpeedSoftLimit": 4194304,
    "btDownloadSpeedHardLimit": 39321600,
    "btMinPeersForStable": 10

git config --global credential.helper cache
git config --global user.email "[email protected]"
git config --global user.name "USR"
git config --global http.postBuffer 524288000 # FIX: Error: fatal: The remote end hung up unexpectedly, https://confluence.atlassian.com/stashkb/git-push-fails-fatal-the-remote-end-hung-up-unexpectedly-282988530.html
git config --global --list

ssh -T [email protected]

# FIX: [email protected]: Permission denied (publickey)
# Obter a SSH Key 'cat ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub' e adicionar em https://github.com/settings/keys

# https://pypi.org/

which pip
which pip3
pip --help
pip --version
pip3 --version
pip3 check
pip3 list
pip help install

python3 -m pip --version
python3 -m pip check
python3 -m pip list

# Upgrade pip
# Dont use because Crash Dependecies
# pip3 freeze --local | sed -rn 's/^([^=# \t\\][^ \t=]*)=.*/echo; echo Processing \1 ...; pip3 install -U \1/p' | sh


python3 -m pip install --upgrade --user pip

curl https://bootstrap.pypa.io/get-pip.py -o get-pip.py
python3 get-pip.py --force-reinstall --user

pip --version


pip install localstack
pip install beautysh
pip install --upgrade httplib2 google-api-python-client oauth2client
pip install virtualenv
pip install pipdeptree --user --verbose
pip install --upgrade youtube_dl

pip3 install awscli --upgrade --user
pip3 install awsebcli --upgrade --user

# FIX: Error due to dependency updates

pip3 uninstall cement --yes --verbose
pip3 uninstall awsebcli --yes --verbose
pip3 install awsebcli --upgrade --user

# https://snapcraft.io/store

snap list
snap version

sudo snap install chromium
sudo snap install circleci
sudo snap install obs-studio
sudo snap install okular
sudo snap install opera
sudo snap install screencloud
sudo snap install sftpclient

sudo snap install brackets --classic
sudo snap install google-cloud-sdk --classic # https://cloud.google.com/sdk
sudo snap install heroku --classic
sudo snap install shotcut --classic

# https://atom.io/packages

apm install \
    atom-beautify \
    atom-clock \
    atom-html-preview \
    auto-indent \
    autoclose-html \
    busy-signal \
    color-picker \
    editorconfig \
    file-icons \
    highlight-selected \
    intentions \
    language-docker \
    language-ignore \
    language-pug \
    linter \
    linter-csslint \
    linter-docker \
    linter-js-standard \
    linter-php \
    linter-pug \
    linter-ui-default \
    markdown-preview-plus \
    markdown-writer \
    open-recent \
    pigments \
    pretty-json \
    script \
    sort-lines \
    tree-ignore \

Docker setup

# https://docs.docker.com/install/linux/docker-ce/ubuntu/

curl -fsSL https://download.docker.com/linux/ubuntu/gpg | sudo apt-key add -

sudo apt-key fingerprint 0EBFCD88

sudo add-apt-repository \
   "deb [arch=amd64] https://download.docker.com/linux/ubuntu \
   $(lsb_release -cs) \

sudo apt-get update

sudo apt install docker-compose docker-ce docker-ce-cli containerd.io

# By default the docker daemon always runs as the root user, therefore you need to prepend sudo to your Docker command(s).
# 1. Create the docker group.
sudo groupadd docker
# 2. Add your user to the docker group.
sudo usermod -aG docker $USER
# 3. Log out and log back in so that your group membership is re-evaluated.
# 4. Verify that you can run docker commands without sudo.
docker run hello-world
# more ...
docker info
docker search ubuntu
docker container ls

NVM - Node Version Manager

# https://www.npmjs.com/
# https://docs.npmjs.com/resolving-eacces-permissions-errors-when-installing-packages-globally
# https://github.com/nvm-sh/nvm
# Global Modules without sudo
wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/creationix/nvm/v0.34.0/install.sh
bash ./install.sh
command -v nvm # To verify that nvm has been installed
nvm install node

npm config list
npm list --depth 0
npm list -g --depth 0
ncu --global
npm update --global # --unsafe-perm

npm install -g npm-check-updates && ncu -u && npm i

npm install -g clever-tools
npm install -g create-react-app
npm install -g depcheck
    depcheck  . --json | jq
npm install -g gatsby-cli
npm install -g lerna
npm install -g localtunnel
npm install -g nodemon
npm install -g npm-check
npm install -g pm2
npm install -g pnpm
npm install -g speed-test
npm install -g stremio-addon-sdk
npm install -g npm-install-peers
npm install -g @angular/cli
npm install -g github-files-fetcher
npm install -g mdpdf

# FIX: [nodemon] Internal watch failed: ENOSPC: System limit for number of file watchers reached, watch

echo fs.inotify.max_user_watches=524288 | sudo tee -a /etc/sysctl.conf && sudo sysctl -p

Apktool - A tool for reverse engineering Android apk files

# https://ibotpeaches.github.io/Apktool/install/

java -version

wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/iBotPeaches/Apktool/master/scripts/linux/apktool

wget https://bitbucket.org/iBotPeaches/apktool/downloads/apktool_2.4.0.jar

mv apktool_2.4.0.jar apktool.jar

chmod +x apktool.jar
chmod +x apktool

sudo mv apktool.jar apktool -t /usr/local/bin


# Deploy :: https://zeit.co/dashboard
# https://github.com/zeit/now-examples
# https://zeit.co/docs/v2/deployments/official-builders/python-now-python/
# https://github.com/zeit/now-cli

# [CONTRA:] Não permite uso de sub pastas e não tem automação do Composer

now login
now ls
now dev --debug         # Run locally during development
now                     # Deploy to the cloud
now billing ls
now logs stremio-dublados.mozgbrasil.now.sh
now rm magento-mozg

RVM - Ruby Version Manager

# Global Modules without sudo
# https://rvm.io/

gpg2 --recv-keys 409B6B1796C275462A1703113804BB82D39DC0E3 7D2BAF1CF37B13E2069D6956105BD0E739499BDB

curl -sSL https://get.rvm.io | bash -s stable --rails

rvm -v
rvm list

# To start using RVM you need to run `source /home/marcio/.rvm/scripts/rvm` in all your open shell windows, in rare cases you need to reopen all shell windows.
# To start using rails you need to run `rails new <project_dir>`.


gem install \
  bundler \
  capistrano \
  github-pages \
  jekyll \

cd ~/dados/projects/mozgbrasil.github.io
bundle install

gem update --system

ruby --version
gem --version
bundle -v
jekyll -v

Run Jekyll

cd ~/dados/projects/mozgbrasil.github.io
JEKYLL_ENV=production bundle exec jekyll serve --verbose


aws --version
eb --version
docker version
docker-compose version
docker-machine version
which gem
gem --version
heroku --version
node --version
yarn --version
npm --version
nvm --version
pip -V
python -V
which ruby
ruby --version    


# https://phar.io/

wget -O phive.phar https://phar.io/releases/phive.phar
wget -O phive.phar.asc https://phar.io/releases/phive.phar.asc
gpg --keyserver pool.sks-keyservers.net --recv-keys 0x9D8A98B29B2D5D79
gpg --verify phive.phar.asc phive.phar
chmod +x phive.phar
sudo mv phive.phar /usr/local/bin/phive

phive install php-cs-fixer --global


# Após criar uma pasta e compartilhar pelo Nautilus só deve funcionar a autenticação após ser criado o devido usuário no Samba
sudo smbpasswd -a $USER


cd ~/dados/containers_docker
mkdir tmp
mv devilbox tmp/$(date '+%Y-%m-%d')-devilbox
git clone https://github.com/cytopia/devilbox
cp devilbox/env-example devilbox/.env
ls && ls devilbox

diff --brief --recursive tmp/$(date '+%Y-%m-%d')-devilbox devilbox
meld tmp/$(date '+%Y-%m-%d')-devilbox devilbox

Run devilbox

cd ~/dados/containers_docker/devilbox

docker --version && docker images && docker images -a && docker images ps && docker ps && docker ps -a && docker network ls

sudo netstat -tulpn # To list open ports use the netstat command

service --status-all
sudo service mysql stop
sudo service apache2 stop
sudo service php7.2-fpm stop

docker-compose down --remove-orphans
docker-compose up

git rev-parse HEAD
ls -lah
ls -la data/www
docker-compose up

cd /shared/httpd/localhost/htdocs/projects/magento2

rm composer.lock
mv composer.json composer-bkp.json
composer create-project --repository=https://repo.magento.com/ magento/project-community-edition magento2 -vvv


docker --version && docker images && docker images -a && docker images ps && docker ps && docker ps -a && docker network ls
docker-compose down --remove-orphans
docker-compose stop
docker-compose kill
docker-compose rm -f
docker image prune --force
docker image prune -a --force
docker volume prune --force
docker network prune --force
docker --version && docker images && docker images -a && docker images ps && docker ps && docker ps -a && docker network ls

Virtual Hosts

mkdir -p ~/dados/mount/www/localhost/htdocs/

sudo nano /etc/hosts localhost.loc

cd ~/dados/mount/www/localhost/htdocs/

ln -s /home/marcio/dados/projects

echo "<?php phpinfo(); ?>" > phpinfo.php

cat > .htaccess <<- _EOF_
# enable directory browsing
Options +Indexes

Fix: tail: recursos esgotados do inotify, tail: inotify não pôde ser usado; revertendo para sondagem (polling)

cat /proc/sys/fs/inotify/max_user_instances # 128
cat /proc/sys/fs/inotify/max_user_watches # 8192
sudo sysctl -w fs.inotify.max_user_instances=12345
sudo sysctl -w fs.inotify.max_user_watches=640123


# https://www.howtoforge.com/tutorial/install-apache-with-php-and-mysql-on-ubuntu-18-04-lamp/
# https://hostadvice.com/how-to/how-to-setup-varnish-http-cache-on-an-ubuntu-18-04-vps-or-dedicated-server/
# https://e-tinet.com/linux/servidor-apache/
# https://serverfault.com/questions/904065/switch-apache-from-prefork-to-event-in-ubuntu-16-get-php-7-working

sudo apt install \
libmcrypt-dev \
mysql-client \
mysql-server \
php-apcu \
php-dev \
php-gettext \
php-imagick \
php-memcache \
php-pear \
php7.2 \
php7.2-bcmath \
php7.2-cgi \
php7.2-common \
php7.2-curl \
php7.2-fpm \
php7.2-gd \
php7.2-imap \
php7.2-intl \
php7.2-json \
php7.2-mbstring \
php7.2-mysql \
php7.2-opcache \
php7.2-pspell \
php7.2-recode \
php7.2-soap \
php7.2-sqlite3 \
php7.2-tidy \
php7.2-xmlrpc \
php7.2-xsl \
php7.2-zip \

sudo pecl channel-update pecl.php.net
pecl search mcrypt
sudo pecl install mcrypt-1.0.2

sudo nano /etc/php/7.2/fpm/php.ini
sudo nano /etc/php/7.2/cli/php.ini

sudo a2dismod mpm_prefork # This disables the prefork MPM. Only one MPM can run at a time.
sudo a2enmod mpm_event # Enable event MPM. You could also enable mpm_worker.
sudo a2enmod headers # FIX: Invalid command 'Header', perhaps misspelled or defined by a module not included in the server configuration
sudo a2enmod proxy_fcgi setenvif actions rewrite ssl http2
sudo a2ensite default-ssl
sudo a2enconf php7.2-fpm

sudo nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/000-default.conf

    # add into <VirtualHost> - </VirtualHost>

<Directory "/var/www/html">
  AllowOverride All

<FilesMatch "\.php$">
SetHandler "proxy:fcgi://"

sudo nano /etc/php/7.2/fpm/pool.d/www.conf

    # line 36: search "listen ="

    listen =

Symlink WWW

sudo ln -s ~/dados/mount/www/localhost/htdocs /var/www/html

FIX: Apache

# No Magento2 no processo de instalação é exibido o retorno

# "$HTTP_RAW_POST_DATA is deprecated from PHP 7.2 onwards and will stop the installer from running. Please open your php.ini file and set always_populate_raw_post_data to -1.", pesquise por ";always_populate_raw_post_data = -1" e retire o comentário ";"

    sudo nano /etc/php/7.2/fpm/php.ini

# Atualize para

    display_errors = On
    max_input_vars = 2000
    memory_limit = 1024M
    zlib.output_compression = On
    max_execution_time = 90

# Algumas mudanças que que vai ajudar a fazer o seu servidor apache um pouco mais eficiente

    sudo nano /etc/apache2/apache2.conf

# Atualize "Timeout 300" para "Timeout 600"

# Atualize "KeepAliveTimeout 5" para "KeepAliveTimeout 2"

FIX: Apache - Acesso aos arquivos de log

ls -lah ~
groups $USER
groups www-data

# 1. Add your user to the www-data group.
sudo usermod -aG www-data $USER

ls -lah ~
groups $USER
groups www-data

Em seguida executei as instruções “Restart: apache & php-fpm”

sudo service apache2 restart
sudo service php7.2-fpm restart



phpmyadmin / senha

  #1698 - Access denied for user 'root'@'localhost'
  sudo mysql -u root
      SELECT User FROM mysql.user;
      ALTER USER 'root'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED WITH mysql_native_password BY 'nova senha';

To activate the new configuration, you need to run:

sudo systemctl restart apache2

FIX: pdo_mysql extension is not installed

sudo phpenmod pdo_mysql

#sudo phpdismod pdo_mysql

Restart: apache & php-fpm

apache2 -v
sudo apache2ctl configtest
sudo apachectl fullstatus
sudo apachectl -M
sudo apachectl -V

service --status-all
sudo service mysql status
sudo service php7.2-fpm status
sudo service apache2 restart
sudo service php7.2-fpm restart


mysql --version
apache2 -v
php -v




    curl -sS https://getcomposer.org/installer | php

## FIX: https://getcomposer.org/doc/00-intro.md#globally

    sudo mv composer.phar /usr/local/bin/composer

## FIX: [RuntimeException] /home/???/.composer/cache/vcs does not exist and could not be created.
## Cannot create cache directory /home/???/.composer/cache/repo/https---packagist.org/, or directory is not writable. Proceeding without cache
##  [RuntimeException] Can not clone [email protected]:???/???.git to access package information. The "/home/???/.composer/cache/vcs " directory is not writable by the current user.
## FIX: https://github.com/thomaszbz/native-dockerfiles-typo3/issues/19

    sudo chown -R $USER $HOME/.composer

## plugins

    composer global require hirak/prestissimo

Sobre o Ubuntu

Para começar a atualização do Ubuntu do sistema, primeiro precisamos atualizar a lista de índice de pacotes. Abra o terminal e digite:

sudo apt update

Podemos instalar a atualização para todos os pacotes de uma só vez: A forma a seguir vai atualizar todas as versões dos pacotes instalados, sem remover pacotes.

sudo apt upgrade

Tudo feito. Seu sistema Ubuntu agora está totalmente atualizado.

Durante a atualização inicial do sistema, alguns dos pacotes podem se tornar obsoletos e, portanto, não são mais necessários. Para remover todos os pacotes desnecessários, execute:

sudo apt autoremove

Para analise do Kernel


Para analise da Bios

sudo dmidecode -t bios

UFW ( Uncomplicated Firewall ) é um firewall padrão no Ubuntu 18.04 Bionic Beaver Linux.

Por padrão, o UFW está desativado. Você pode verificar o status do seu firewall executando o seguinte comando:

sudo ufw status

Para habilitar a execução do firewall:

sudo ufw enable

Sincronia entre maquinas locais

rsync --archive --compress --verbose --progress /home/marcio/dados/projects/ [email protected]:/home/marcio/dados/projects/

rsync --archive --compress --verbose --progress /media/marcio/HDJMicron/videos/ [email protected]:/media/marcio/HDD/videos/

rsync -Pav -e "ssh -i $HOME/.ssh/aws-eb" [email protected]:/var/app/current/ /home/marcio/Downloads/070024

Sincronia entre maquinas e dispositivo USB

rsync --archive --compress --verbose --progress ~/dados /media/marcio/usb-ext4/dados-19082019/

rsync --archive --compress --verbose --progress ~/dados/projects /media/marcio/Expansion\ Drive/MeusBackups/dados/projects-2019-10-07/

rsync -av --progress ~/Imagens /media/marcio/Expansion\ Drive/MeusBackups/backup_inspiron_7520_01052019/
rsync -av --progress ~/Downloads /media/marcio/Expansion\ Drive/MeusBackups/backup_inspiron_7520_01052019/
rsync -av --progress ~/dados /media/marcio/Expansion\ Drive/MeusBackups/backup_inspiron_7520_01052019/

Conectar ao SSH “Secure SHell”

Download via SCP “Secure Copy”

scp -r [email protected]:/home/marcio/Imagens/ /home/marcio/Imagens/

Upload via SCP “Secure Copy”

scp -r /home/marcio/Imagens/ [email protected]:/home/marcio/Imagens/

Como criar a SSH Key

ssh-keygen -t rsa

Como obter a SSH Key

cat ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub

Efetuar login no SSH com chave ppk


sudo apt-get install putty-tools

puttygen yourkey.ppk -O private-openssh -o yourkey.pem

chmod 400 yourkey.pem

ssh -i yourkey.pem [email protected]

Conectar via SFTP pelo nautilus

Conectar via Samba pelo nautilus


Conectar via ssh pelo terminal

Obter a versão do PHP via terminal

php -r \@phpinfo\(\)\; | grep 'PHP Version' -m 1

php -i | grep 'PHP Version' -m 1

Execução comando condicional em linha

sh -c 'if [ "$TRAVIS_PHP_VERSION" = "5.4" ] || [ "$TRAVIS_PHP_VERSION" = "5.5" ]; then echo '0'; else echo '1'; fi;'

How to check if php-fpm is running

php-fpm --test

ps aux | grep php-fpm

netstat -lntp

Monitorando Apache

Visualizar erros do servidor

No terminal pode ser o comando para a visualização do log de erro do servidor

tail -f /var/log/apache2/error.log

to see which group the current user belongs to:

groups groups marcio

to list the group members along with their GIDs.

id $USER

Monitorando MySQL

Na necessidade de acessar o MySQL Client e ver os processos

mysql -h 'localhost' -u root -p

show processlist;

ou melhor ainda

mysqladmin -u root -p -i 1 processlist

mysql config

mysql -h '' -P '3306' -u 'root' -p'12345' -e "SHOW GLOBAL VARIABLES LIKE 'innodb_buffer_pool_size';"

mysql --help

sudo echo "innodb_buffer_pool_size = 8M" >> /etc/mysql/mysql.conf.d/mysqld.cnf

sudo nano /etc/mysql/mysql.conf.d/mysqld.cnf

cat /etc/mysql/mysql.conf.d/mysqld.cnf

sudo systemctl status mysql
sudo systemctl restart mysql

mysql -h '' -P '3306' -u 'root' -p'12345' -e "SHOW GLOBAL VARIABLES LIKE 'innodb_buffer_pool_size';"

Recursively fix bad file permissions

# A common suggestion is to use which means:

# 755 for directories: full control for the user, and everyone else can traverse directories.
# 644 for files: read-write permissions for the user, and read-only for everyone else.

find /home/marcio/dados/projects/ -not \( -wholename "*.git*" -prune \) -type f -exec echo [email protected] {} \;

find /home/marcio/dados/projects/ -not \( -wholename "*.git*" -prune \) -type d -exec echo [email protected] {} \;

find /home/marcio/dados/projects/ -not \( -wholename "*.git*" -prune \) -type f -exec chmod 644 {} \;

find /home/marcio/dados/projects/ -not \( -wholename "*.git*" -prune \) -type d -exec chmod 755 {} \;